Xoloitzcuintli Dog Breed

Thinking of getting a Xoloitzcuintli Dog and want to know if a Xoloitzcuintli is suitable for your household?

Use the Xoloitzcuintli information on this website to learn more about adaptability, health issues, life span of Xoloitzcuintli and more.

Xoloitzcuintli Facts

  • Name: Xoloitzcuintli
  • Other Names: Mexican Hairless, Xoloitzcuintli, Xoloitzcuintle, Xoloitzquintle, Xoloescuincle, Xolo, Xolito
  • Origin: Mexico
  • Breed Group: Non Sporting (AKC:2010)
  • Breed Type: Purebred


Xoloitzcuintli Dog Facts

Xoloitzcuintli Information

One of the world's oldest and rarest breeds, the Xoloitzcuintli can justly be called the first dog of the Americas. Archaeological evidence indicates that Xolos accompanied man on his first migrations across the Bering Straits. Their name is derived from the name of the Aztec Indian god Xolotl and Itzcuintli, the Aztec word for dog. With a reputation as a healer, the breed and its warm skin is often put to use in remote Mexican and Central American villages to ward off and cure ailments like rheumatism, asthma, toothache and insomnia. Xolos were also believed to safeguard the home from evil spirits and intruders.

They make excellent companion dogs. Xolo need a consistent training regiment and clearly defined boundaries. A training class for puppies is strongly recommended. Young dogs require a substantial amount of exercise and structured playtime. Bored Xolos may entertain themselves in ways you don’t find acceptable. An ideal Xolo owner is someone looking for a dog who will be a complete companion - guardian, friend and playmate. Xolos are fine as only dogs, but also sharing a home with children or other pets.

What to do if you lose your Xoloitzcuintli

If your Xoloitzcuintli Dog or any other pet has gone missing and it does not have an identification tag with a phone number, you can:

1. Report your missing pet details at Pet Reunite website here.

2. List the lost pet on the Local Lost Pets Facebook Groups Here.

3. Call the nearby vets to see if anyone has handed in your lost pet.

4. Call the RSPCA or Visit the RSPCA Lost Pets website and complete a Lost Pet Report.

5. Visit Lost Pets Pages of Animal Pounds.

What to do if you find a lost Xoloitzcuintli

If you find a Xoloitzcuintli Dog or any other pet and it does not have an identification tag with a phone number, you can:

1. List the found pet details at Pet Reunite website here.

2. Report the missing pet on the Local Facebook Lost Pets Groups.

3. Contact the Local Authority to collect the lost animal.

4. Take the animal to the local Animal Pound near to your area.

5. Take the pet to the local Vet Clinic who usually scan the animal’s microchip and call the registered owner of the pet.

Laws Regarding Missing Pets

1. It is against the law to keep any animal that you find.

2. Pets are generally considered property and it is illegal to take and keep someone else’s property.

3. You must call your local animal control unit and file a FOUND AN ANIMAL report for any dog or cat you find.

4. To reclaim your lost dog, cat or other pet from the animal shelter you must pay a release fee.

5. If your dog or cat is unregistered, you will have to register your pet before you can take it home.